Heat rash is common in the summer months when the weather turns hot and humid. Also known as miliaria or prickly heat, this rash occurs when the sweat glands are blocked due to bacteria. As a result, the sweat remains trapped underneath the skin causing it to erupt into tiny pustules and papules. We have included some prickly heat pictures below along with some easy ways and home remedies to prevent heat rash in baby and grownups.
1. Avoid heat and humidity
The best way to prevent heat rash in baby and adults is to avoid hot and humid environments. Stay indoors on hot summer days. If you have to go out, avoid doing so in between the hours of 11 am to 4 pm. Seek shade where possible and stay in cool, climate controlled environment. For babies, you can run a fan on low speed to keep the air circulating.
2. Take cool baths from time to time
Cool baths and showers will prevent further sweating. Soak in a tub bath filled with some cool water and mixed with some colloidal oatmeal. Oatmeal soothes rashes and facilitates healing. This simple home remedy can also prevent heat rashes from worsening.
3. Wear loose cotton clothes
Avoid tight-fitting synthetic clothes that cause even more sweating. In case of babies, keep them clad in a cotton nappy to prevent sweating. In winters too, avoid swaddling the child in blankets and sweaters as doing so can cause heat rashes.
4. Use Calamine lotion
A heat rash usually does not last long and you should get relief in a couple of days. To speed up healing, apply calamine lotion to the rash from time to time. This will heal the blisters and prevent itchiness. Repeat application 3-4 times a day.
5. Aloe Vera
Another of the effective prickly heat home remedies is Aloe Vera gel or lotion. Apply Aloe gel all over the rash to soothe the skin and calm inflammation. Repeat application several times a day.
6. Use prickly heat powder
Prickly heat powder from top brands can prevent sweating and can soothe the rash. Apply the powder all over the rash after bathing and drying the skin. Repeat application 2-3 times a day.
7. Anhydrous lanolin
Anhydrous lanolin is an over the counter product that absorbs sweat and can quickly heal heat rash. Apply it liberally to the skin to stop itching, burning and pain.
8. Use an antibacterial soap
Heat rash is an indication of bacteria on the skin which tend to trap the sweat under the skin’s surface. So use a mild antibacterial soap while bathing. This is necessary to get rid of heat rash quickly.
9. Steroid creams
Hydrocortisone based creams can be used as home remedies to get rid of heat rashes quickly. Choose over the counter products in 1% strength and apply all over the rash to prevent itching, swelling and pain. This remedy is also safe for prickly heat baby rashes but do talk to your pediatrician before use. Also, discontinue use of steroidal creams after 3 days to prevent side effects.
10. Avoid strenuous exercise
If you have the tendency to sweat excessively, avoid strenuous exercise, especially in hot humid weather. Stay away from hiking, cycling, jogging, and weight lifting. You can choose other activities like swimming etc to prevent sweating.
11. Drink plenty of water
Water will keep your skin cool and body hydrated. It also prevents not just heat rashes but dehydration and heat strokes too. So drink 8-10 glasses of water or even more if you are working out. Here are some easy ways to drink more water.
12. Expose the rash to air
Avoid wearing too much clothing when you are suffering from heat rash. Wear minimal clothing to let the rash dry out. This may not be possible always but when you get a chance to rest, shed off the extra sweaty clothing and change into something cool, light and clean.
13. Avoid heavy cosmetics and creams
Many skin care products contain mineral oil and petroleum products that clog the pores and further aggravate heat rash. So avoid these at all costs. Also stay away from products with fragrances, dyes and chemicals.
14. Know when to see a doctor
If the heat rash is accompanied by fever, oozing or pus-filled blisters, body ache and other flu-like symptoms; see a doctor immediately. This is especially in case of heat rash baby or elderly patients.
We hope these 14 easy ways help you get rid of heat rash quickly.